RESUMES

 

     

     

    Introduction

    Learn how to write a resume

    Get started with  your resume

    The anatomy of a resume

    Resume styles

    Do's & Dont's

    Samples

Introduction

A resume is a briefly written summary of an individual's education, work experience and accomplishments, usually for the purposes of finding a job.

Even though you spend hours formatting your resume, hiring managers will spend less than two minutes viewing it.

Think of your resume as your personal representative. If a resume is well-written and graced with orderly presentation, there is a great chance that your prospective employer will call you in for an interview. In this sense, a resume is a screening device, your high-caliber selling agent, YOUR VITAL SALES TOOL that will print the first impression of you by the employer. A well-written resume will catch the employer's attention to go on to step two: The Job Interview. Top

Learn how to write a resume

Employers should be visualizing you in the new position. Your resume should present you as an essential component of a company's success.

A resume should scream ability, not claim responsibility. It shall serve as a marketing tool, not as a personnel document. Your resume shall spell out that you are a job hunter, not just speak about the jobs you have held. A good resume shall focus on your future, not your past. Top

Get started with your resume

  1. Gather and check all necessary information you put into your resume.
  2. Match your skills and experience with an employer's needs.
  3. Highlight details that demonstrate your capabilities.
  4. Organize the resume effectively.
  5. Consider word choice carefully.
  6. Bolden and enlarge your name at the top.
  7. Keep the sections lined up and consistent.
  8. Use an Arial or Times New Roman font (or similar).
  9. Font size should not be smaller than 11pt or larger than 12pt, except for your Name and Headings.
  10. Place “Continued” at the bottom of page one, and your name and “Page 2” at the top of page two.
  11. Use graphics sparingly unless you are in a creative field. It is safe to use a border and shading.
  12. Ask other people to comment on your resume. Top

The anatomy of a resume

Personal Information: Include your name, home address, and contact numbers.

  • Objective: This is a statement which defines your immediate employment goal in terms of specific job titles or fields.  It gives the employer a clear indication of what type of job you are seeking.
  • Education: This part shows how your educational background has prepared you for, or is directly related to, your career objective.
  • Experience: This section includes employment, volunteer, and internship experiences. How you do this section will depend primarily on which resume style you choose.
  • Special Awards and Activities: This is an optional section in the resume. This contains a list of your extra-curricular activities such as involvements in clubs, sports, student governments, drama groups, choir, and others.
  • References: This is typically the last section of the resume. Because the resume is your “introduction” to the employer, he or she is usually not interested yet in your references at this stage.   You should, however, secure permission from three to five persons (former instructors, supervisors, and personal references) whom you wish to use as references in the future should an employer wish to contact them at a later stage in the employment process.
  • Resume styles

    1. Chronological
    2. Functional
    3. Combination formats

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    Chronological Resume:
    A chronological resume starts by listing your work history with the most recent position listed on top of the other positions you have held and the earliest job at the bottom of the list.  Its basic advantage is that it is well ordered and easy to read.  It is straightforward and easily traces a candidate's career path and progression in a given field.


    Functional Resume:
    A functional resume focuses on your skills and experiences, rather than on your chronological work history.  It is designed to highlight areas of employment experience or skills and/or job functions.
    It is useful for:

    1. A person who has worked for one or two employers but handled a number of positions with each employer.
    2. A person who is changing fields of employment and must demonstrate how their skills and abilities relate to the new employment field.
    3. A person in middle years who has never worked or worked only for a short time.
    4. Those with very diverse experiences that do not add up to a clear-cut career path.
    5. College students with minimal experience and/or with experience unrelated to their chosen career field.
    6. Those with gaps in their work history.
    7. Job-seekers looking for a position for which a chronological listing would make them look "overqualified."
    8. Older workers seeking to deemphasize a lengthy job history.

    Combined Resume:
    The combination resume combines elements of the chronological and functional resumes. If you have a strong performance record and want to pursue the same career, this powerful presentation shows relevant skills and accomplishments, and is later supported by a strong employment section. Consider using the combination resume when you have had several different kinds of jobs and none of them displays all the skills you require for the position you are going after or when you want to highlight impressive accomplishments and marketable skills from several previous positions and a chronological format is expected. Top


    DOs

    1. Use a professional profile or qualifications section in your resume’s primetime space to give the employer a quick but concrete capsule of your achievements and skills.
    2. Give the most weight on your most recent (past ten to fifteen years) professional experience. For each position, rank the accomplishments in the order of decreasing relevance to the employer you are targeting. List your job information in the order of importance to the reader.
    3. Do list your jobs in a reverse chronological order.
    4. Do consider the use of a section such as "Summary of Qualifications" or "Profile" to help sharpen your focus.
    5. Use a two-page resume if appropriate. Two-page resumes are fine.
    6. Do consider the use of bullets to make your resume as reader-friendly as possible.
    7. Do consider a resume design that does not look like everyone else’s.
    8. Do include as much contact information as possible.
    9. Do avoid the use of the term "Work" because it is a weak verb. Everyone works. Be more specific. "Collaborate (d)" is often a good substitute.
    10. Do think in terms of accomplishments when preparing your resume.
    11. Do emphasize transferable skills especially if you do not have much experience or when you seek to change careers.
    12. Do proofread carefully. Misspellings and typographic errors are deadly on a resume.
    13. Do minimize frequent job changes or lack of experience.

    DONTs

    1. Don't ever lie on your resume.
    2. Don't use personal pronouns (I, my, me) in a resume.
    3. Don't leave out the locations of your past jobs (city and state).
    4. Don't mix noun and verb phrases when describing your jobs. Use action words consistently.
    5. Don't list too much experience on your resume.  List only about 15 years  experience.
    6. Don't emphasize skills and job activities you do not want to do in the future.  Focus on the skills prospective employers need.
    7. Don't include a list of your high school achievements and experiences.
    8. Don’t confuse your resume with your autobiography.  
    9. Don't include personal information such as your children's ages, your problems finding a job, hard-luck stories, any disabilities, how you have been victimized by other agents, and other stories of the same sort.
    10. Don't include your height, weight, or photo unless these informations are specifically requested by a prospective employer). Top